While the winter blues may represent a normal reaction to the season, for some the depressive feelings may linger, signaling a larger issue. In addition, research by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has found that people with lower incomes, who often encounter additional obstacles and greater stresses in their daily lives, have higher rates of depression than those with higher incomes. That can make this time of year even more difficult for those facing economic hardship.
According to the National Alliance on Mental Illness (NAMI), Major Depressive Disorder with a Seasonal Pattern is characterized by “recurrent episodes of depression in late fall and winter, alternating with periods of normal mood the rest of the year.” Symptoms, according to NAMI, usually begin in the fall and subside in early spring.
“Trying to tell the difference between an occasional down day and what might be the signs of a mental illness can be challenging,” says Dr. Michael Golinkoff, a senior executive for behavioral health. “There is no easy test to tell if a person’s actions and thoughts might be typical behaviors or the result of a physical or mental illness.
“An early diagnosis can lead to faster treatment, which can help not just a person dealing with mental illness but also those close to them,” says Golinkoff.
Golinkoff notes that the following behaviors, while not a confirmation of seasonal depression, can be early warning signs that a person should talk to their doctor:
· Excessive sleeping or inability to sleep.
· Significant weight loss or gain.
· Severe fatigue or loss of energy.
· Feelings of worthlessness or guilt.
· Difficulty thinking or concentrating, or indecisiveness.
According to Golinkoff, social engagement can be a great tool to combat the winter blues. Some activities that can help include:
Participating in public activities and programs
According to the American Psychological Association, loneliness is a risk factor for depression. Recreation centers, libraries, places of worship and local nonprofit organizations may offer free public events and activities during the winter months that give plenty of opportunities to connect with other people and keep you from staying isolated in your home.
Volunteering in your community
Engaging in philanthropic activities, particularly those that help repair or restore something important, can foster positive feelings of pride and self-efficacy.
Physical activity is not only good for you physically, but can also clear your mind, which can improve your energy level and decision-making ability. And, engaging in activities with others can also boost your emotional well-being. Check out local gyms, community centers, or online groups like Meetup to learn of ways you can be physically active while engaging with others.
Spending time with family or friends
Emotionally positive relationships can improve your mood. Rather than staying in, watching TV or eating alone, choose to connect with family and friends.
If clinical treatments are needed, NAMI suggests standard depressive disorder treatments such as medication and cognitive behavioral therapy. NAMI also suggests light therapy, an approach in which patients use a light box to provide artificial intensive light, with the hope of making their body believe that they are experiencing bright sunlight.
Information courtesy of AmeriHealth Caritas, part of the Independence Health Group in partnership with Blue Cross Blue Shield. For more information, visit amerihealthcaritas.com.
This article originally appeared in the Minnesota Spokesman-Recorder.